Discussion Group Issues
Bill Schrader Pavilion
9 March, 2016
12 noon to 13:30
C F B G D A E
A – Is this election heralding the largest shift in US political allegiance since Lyndon B. Johnson’s Civil Rights Act lost the Democrats most of their southern seats? Which party will win this election and long-lasting strength? Trump Both
B – The smartest, kindest, and most effective boss I ever had died of Alzheimer’s in his fifties. He had a gene which each of his children have a 50% chance of inheriting and dying the same way. There is now a test for that gene. In their position would you take it?
C – Since 1999 Quebec has subsidized baby-care for children 0 to 4 years old. Early evaluation showed that the children had a deficit in non-cognitive learning; i.e. impulsiveness and emotional maturity. Recent research shows that this deficit persists and results in raised rates of worse health, lower life satisfaction, and higher crime rates later in life. Can this popular program be suspended or changed? (A long article, but the abstract (below) makes the essential points.)
D – An Atlantic article on lobbying reminded me that Obama gave Big Pharma $250 BILLION over the FIRST 10 years to get their support for Obamacare. Should this incline me to Clinton or Saunders.
E – Remember that George Santayana wrote, “Those who cannot remember the past are condemned to repeat it.” However, This article in the Guardian suggests that “remembrance may be the ally of justice, but it is no reliable friend to peace, whereas forgetting can be.” Do you agree? John
F – Does the Republican Dominated senate have the right to deny Obama filling the vacant Supreme Court seat?
G – The Zika virus carrying mosquito (word is not in my spell checker) is found in most of the worlds countries except Canada. That means the virus will soon be in most the worlds countries, including the Southern US. Do you expect a loosening of abortion restrictions in several republican states before the next president leaves?
NBER WORKING PAPER SERIES
NON-COGNITIVE DEFICITS AND YOUNG ADULT OUTCOMES: THE LONG-RUN IMPACTS OF A UNIVERSAL CHILD CARE PROGRAM
Past research has demonstrated that positive increments to the non-cognitive development of children can have long-run benefits. We test the symmetry of this contention by studying the effects of a sizeable negative shock to non-cognitive skills due to the introduction of universal child care in Quebec. We first confirm earlier findings showing reduced contemporaneous non-cognitive development following the program introduction in Quebec, with little impact on cognitive test scores. We then show these non-cognitive deficits persisted to school ages, and also that cohorts with increased child care access subsequently had worse health, lower life satisfaction, and higher crime rates later in life. The impacts on criminal activity are concentrated in boys. Our results reinforce previous evidence on the central role of non-cognitive skills for long-run success.